MAIASK. 2018. No. 10

G.V. Baranov (Moscow, Russia)

A pommel of a mace with a bill-shaped protrusion from the Vinnytsia region


DOI: 10.24411/2219-8857-2018-00008 

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Pages: 259—265

The article tells about the discovery of a rare armament artifact from the Vinnytsia region, a pommel of a mace with a bill-shaped protrusion which belongs to the type IIa, according to the typology of A. N. Kirpichnikov. Generally, discoveries of such samples of blunt weapons are rare, but the uniqueness of the Vinnytsia region discovery is increased by the fact that its full analogy is the discovery of a mace pommel from the Kopnino-1 archeological site in the Bogorodsk rayon of the Nizhny Novgorod region. Both pommels were cast in one casting mould and have similar traces of deterioration which indicates that they originate from the same lot. The article discusses the possibility that these pommels originate from the Byzantine Empire and that their appearance in Eastern Europe should be linked to Venetian or Genoese import to the territory of the Golden Horde.

Key words: mace, Golden Horde, Byzantine Empire, medieval arms.

Received December 10, 2018
Accepted for publication December 27, 2018

About the author:

Baranov Gennady Valeryevich (Moscow, Russia). Member of the Archaeologia Militaris Scientific Workshop at the Institute of Archaeology by the Russian Academy of Sciences