MAIASK. 2017. No. 9
BYZANTINE (MEDITERRANIAN) 9th — 11th CENTURY SWORDS WITH SLEEVE CROSS-GUARDS
reviews such as a group of early medieval swords with cross-guards having three
main elements: a collar,
a quillon and a sleeve. A significant number of
such swords as well as separate cross-guards were found in
This design of
cross-guards is typical of the Mediterranean region. Its wide spread across
Eastern Europe should be linked to the influence of the
The paper categorizes cross-guards of this kind into three main types and describes the principal trends in their evolution: reduction of collar and sleeve height and increasing quillon length. Two types of pommels in such swords are described, as well as remaining elements of scabbards.
This group of East European swords is linked to the main type of a long-blade weapon of the Byzantine army, the spatha.
Key words: sword-guard, spatha,
Received November 29, 2017