MAIASP. 2020. No. 12

M.N. Daragan (Kyiv, Ukraine)

Casting marks on Scythian arrowheads as chronological indicators: the slant line mark

DOI: 10.24411/2713-2021-2020-00006 

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Pages: 224344

From the middle of the 5th century BCE casting marks appear n Scythian arrowheads. One type of mark that became widespread is the mark in the form of an oblique line slanted to the left (a slash). This paper presents 55 quiver sets, the owners of which used different types of arrowheads marked with such a mark. The burial complexes in which they were found date from the 2nd to the beginning of the 3rd quarter of the 4th century BCE. Analysis of quiver sets from these complexes made it possible to identify seven types of arrowheads that define a narrow chronological horizon. The arrowheads with an oblique slant line mark, as well as the quivers that contain them, were common only during a relatively narrow time period and as such represent reliable chronological indicator of the 2nd early 3rd quarter of the 4th century BCE.

Key words: North Black Sea region, Scythian period, Scythians, chronology, arrowheads, marks, arrowheads production.

Received September 30, 2020

Accepted for publication October 15, 2020

About the author:

Daragan Marina Nikolaevna (Kyiv, Ukraine). PhD (History), Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine