MAIASK. 2016. No. 8
Z. N. Matviishyna (
S. D. Lysenko (
Paleopedological studies of the
2013 the Pridnestrovian-Ukrainian archaeological
expedition continued study of Bronze Age barrows located near Glinoe village, Slobodzeya
district, of the
In the barrow 1 of the “DOT” group and the barrow 1 of the “Sad” group were held paleopedological studies of buried soils, preserved by the mounds of these barrows. Reconstruction of the environment in the time of barrows construction presupposed the comparison soil profiles of the past with full profiles of modern soils from the corresponding geomorphological levels. Total six clearings has been described — two clearing of under-barrow soil and a background for each mound.
Modern soil is short-profiled, with intensive processing of material by the meadow-steppe vegetation, and is changed by the pedogenesis. It can be defined as an ordinary black earth, which is confirmed by both the character of the profile and features of micromorphology, has a rather abrupt transition of humified mass and carbonate illuvium.
Buried soil of the Early Bronze Age in all four clearings over background has more dark-colored humus horizon, more clear transitions between the humus horizons. Early Bronze Age conditions was somewhat wetter than today's. The territory was within the steppe zone with slightly displaced boundaries (but not significantly) of the areas to the north. Carbonate profiles and high position of the illuvium shows that the conditions were dry steppe.
Key words: Transnistria, Bronze Age, burial mounds, paleosol, Subboreal.
Received December 24, 2016
Matviishina Zhanna Nikolaevna (
Parhomenko Aleksandr Grigorevich (Chernihiv, Ukraine). Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Head of the Department of Geography of the T. G. Shevchenko Chernihiv National Pedagogical University.
Lysenko Sergey Dmitrievich (Kyiv, Ukraine
Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior
research worker of department of archaeology of eneolith
— bronze century of Institute of archaeology of the National academy of
Telnov Nikolaj Petrovich (
Sinika Vitalij Stepanovich (