MAIASP. 2019. No. 11
H.Zh. Harutyunyan (Yerevan, Armenia)
THE THIRTY-THIRD COUNTRY OF UNIVERSAL ASIA ON AN “ANCIENT ARMENIAN GEOGRAPHY”:
ARIC (ARiana—ARIA) OR PARTHIA?
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In “Ancient Armenian
Geography”, Aric is named the thirty-third country of General Asia,
in which there is reason to see both Aria and Ariana.
The description of this country is very careless. It is said that Aric consists of eleven provinces. However, only four of
them are named and described. It seems that Aric is
Indeed, the second of these countries is also described in Ancient Armenian
Geography. And the information about her is pretty accurate. Judging by the
fact that detailed information is provided on its eastern and northeastern
borders. However, we cannot accept this point of view. We insist that Aric is Parthia.
We believe that M. Khorenatsi could not mention her
because of the negative attitude of the Sassanids
to the Arshakids dynasty. Information about the Parthia was
added to the “Ancient
by A. Shirakatsi. After him, the description of
this country was carelessly distorted by an unknown scribe. In any case, “Ancient Armenian
is a valuable source on the history and geography of Parthia.
Key words: Movses Khorenatsi,
Ananias of Shirak, Ancient Armenian Geography,
History of Armenia, History of Iran, Aric, Parthia.
Received October 27, 2019
Accepted for publication
November 20, 2019
Harutyunyan Hakob Zhoraevich (Yerevan, Armenia). Doctor of Historical Sciences,
Associate Professor, Yerevan