MAIASK. 2016. No. 8

Ju. Ju. Kargin (Balakovo, Russia)

NEKRASOV-COSSACKS ON THE OLD KUBAN RIVER RIGHT BANK

(BASED ON SECURITY EXCAVATIONS OF SOUTH-EAST BELOYE SETTLEMENT IN 2014)

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Pages: 93-191

The article for the first time describes the materials of South-East Beloye settlements excavations from cultural layers 17401770th of Necrasovskoye seleniye on the right bank of Old Kuban river. The phenomenon of the Nekrasov Cossacks settlements considered in context of Raskol of the Russian Orthodox Church, Russian colonization and strengthening of the Russian State with subsequent liquidation of menace for the south frontier standing by joining of Kuban and Crimea regions. The stratigraphy of archaeological site, the rubbish-heaps and burial, mass materials (a broken pottery and animal bones), coins and other artefacts are analyzed. Their analogs are founded everywhere on the area of Southern, Central and Northern Russia, Ural and Siberia.

The nationality of settlers, the character of their economy, domestic life, nutrition and circulation of coins are reconstructed in the article. The character of the cultural layer, a lot of cannonballs, and the information from written sources permited to establish the circumstances and time of the settlements blight.

The main conclusion of the article is ascertainment of narrowly dated Necrasov Cossacks settlements as basic for dating and investigating of the late Middle Age and Modern times antiquities of the coast of Azov and Black seas.

 

Key words: Nekrasov Cossacks, Crimean Khanate, Ottoman Empire, Russian State, South-East Beloye settlement, Nekrasovskoye seleniye, Taman peninsula, late Middle Age, Modern Times, stratigraphy, rubbish-heaps, burial, silver and copper coins, counting tokens, pottery, tobacco pipes, animal bones, household items, craft, toilet wares, fishing equipment, agricultural implements, cattle breeding, armament items, ammo, cannonballs, devotional articles, costume details, ornamentals.

 

 

Received October 27, 2016
Accepted for publication November 2, 2016

 

About the author:

Kargin Jury Juryevich (Balakovo, Russia). Candidate of Historical Sciences, Head of Scientific Service at the Limited Liability Company Archaeological expedition (Rostov region).

E-mail: karginyy@mail.ru