MAIASP. 2019. No. 11

J.N. Matviyishyna (Kyiv, Ukraine), S.D. Lysenko (Kyiv, Ukraine), A.G. Parhomenko (Chernihiv, Ukraine)

PALEOPEDOLOGICAL STUDIES OF MULTILAYERED SETTLEMENT KOSCHEEVKA-8

DOI: 10.24411/2713-2021-2019-00001 

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Pages: 1132

The Article analyzes the Paleosols Multilayered Settlement Koshcheevka-8 (Later Trypillia, a Bronze Epoch, the Old Russian Period).

For the Historical Period Landscapes of the Given Territory couldn't change strongly. Possibly, as during a Bronze Epoch, as well as during Old Russian Time has been developed an extensive Flood Plain (to 100 m in Width) the Unavy Rivers, are generated Alluvial Sandy Adjournment III Floodplain Terraces. Sandy and Sandy Adjournment were the Precondition for Formation of Cespitose Soils under Grassy (Instead of Wood) Vegetation, but Profiles of Soils were Shorter than the Modern. Intensive Faunistic Activity is the Additional Certificate of that Conditions were Favorable for Employment by Agriculture. Possibly, as well as now, there were Open Spaces, Suitable for Agricultural use thanks to Ease of their Processing. Powerful Profiles of Peat Bog Soils on Flood Plains testify that they couldn't be generated in a Short Space of Time and the Population of Ancient Settlement could use Sites of Meadows on Flood Plains for a Cattle Pasture, and the River for catching of Fish. The Person always chose a Place of Settlement more close to a waterway and with the Maximum Variety of Landscapes, such Place and the described Territory at is Koscheevka Village.

Key words: Middle Dnieper, Bronze Age, Tshinets Cultural Circle, Komarov Culture, Paleosol, Subboreal.

Received November 12, 2019

Accepted for publication December 2, 2019

About the authors:

Matviishina Zhanna Nikolaevna (Kyiv, Ukraine). Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Paleogeography of Institute of Geography of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

E-mail: dsp.paleo.geo@mail.ru

Lysenko Sergey Dmitrievich (Kyiv, Ukraine). Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Research Worker of Department of Archaeology of Eneolith Bronze Century of Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

E-mail: suraganga@yandex.ru

Parhomenko Aleksandr Grigorevich (Chernihiv, Ukraine). Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Head of the Department of Geography of the T.G. Shevchenko Chernihiv National Pedagogical University

E-mail: alex_parhomenko@mail.ru