MAIASP. 2020. No. 12

Vakhtang Licheli (Tbilisi, Georgia), Roberto Dan (Rome, Italy), Priscilla Vitolo (Rome, Italy), Andrea Cesaretti (Rome, Italy),

Tamar Chogovadze (Tbilisi, Georgia), Tornike Chilingarashvili (Tbilisi, Georgia)

Continuity or change? An analysis of fortified church complexes in Southern Georgia

DOI: 10.24411/2713-2021-2020-00013 

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Pages: 527542

This article describes and discusses a series of archaeological sites. All the sites contain an ancient enclosure built using clearly pre-medieval masonries, inside of which a number of churches have been built. The dates of these fortified structures, usually improperly defined as built using cyclopean technique, cannot be established without archaeological excavations. Recent attempts have been made to establish functional continuity between the ancient enclosures and the churches inside them. The goal of this text is to present and discuss these interesting sites and analyse the available data relating to the function of these structures from a diachronic perspective.

Key words: Southern Georgia, Fortified churches, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Middle Ages.

Received December 11, 2020

Accepted for publication December 26, 2020

About the authors:

Vakhtang Licheli (Tbilisi, Georgia). Professor (history and archaeology), Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University

E-mail: vakhlich@hotmail.com; vakhtang.licheli@tsu.ge

Roberto Dan (Rome, Italy). PhD (history and archaeology), ISMEO The International Association of Mediterranean and Oriental Studies

E-mail: roberto_dan@hotmail.it

Priscilla Vitolo (Rome, Italy). PhD candidate (archaeology), ISMEO The International Association of Mediterranean and Oriental Studies

E-mail: vitolo.pr@gmail.com

Andrea Cesaretti (Rome, Italy). PhD candidate (archaeology), ISMEO The International Association of Mediterranean and Oriental Studies

E-mail: a.cesaretti12@gmail.com

Tamar Chogovadze (Tbilisi, Georgia). PhD candidate (archaeology), Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University

E-mail: tatuchogovadze@gmail.com

Tornike Chilingarashvili (Tbilisi, Georgia). PhD candidate (archaeology), Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University

E-mail: tornike2210@mail.ru