MAIASK. 2018. No. 10
E.A. Molev (Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia)
ON THE TWO NAMES OF THE CAPITAL OF BOSPORUS
this article (PDF File)
The article discusses the
history of the two names of the capital of the Bosporus state, Panticapaeum and Bosporus.
The author briefly describes the research of his predecessors and gives his
assessment of the origin and understanding of both toponyms.
A special attention is paid to the main source in this
question, the Bibliotheca historica of Diodorus Siculus. Archaeological,
epigraphic, and numismatic sources related to each of the two names are also
considered. The author identifies the names of the capital of Bosporus,
given in the writings of ancient authors, epigraphic and numismatic monuments,
and provides them a brief description, which allows specifying the time of
appearance and duration of the existence of both names. In conclusion, the
author gives an explanation of the reasons for the
phenomenon, so unusual for the ancient world, when the names of the polis and
the city diverge.
Key words: Bosporus, Pontus,
Received November 11, 2018
Accepted for publication November 29, 2018
About the author:
Molev Evgenij Aleksandrovich (Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia). Doctor of
Historical Sciences, Professor, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhniy Novgorod