MAIASK. 2016. No. 8

N. P. Pokhilko (Yasnaya Polyana, Russia).

Speech of the philosopher of the Povest vremennykh let:

the question of the function and the addressee


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Pages: 408-454

In the article a hypothesis of catechetical function of the Philosophers Speech is being verified a text which is a part of the The Russian Primary Chronicle. In comparison with the ancient church practice of catechesis it is being proven, that the text is composed by the example of Catechetical Liturgical reading (Catechism of the pagans). The introductory part of the Reading of the Life and perishment of the blessed passion bearers Boris and Gleb (Chteniya o zhitii i pogublenii blazhennyh strastoterpcev Borisa i Gleba), whose contents coincide with the content of annalistic Speech, and other data suggest that prior to Memorial holidays of Old Russian Saints preceded in the XI century posts and divine services associated with a massive catechesis. The direction and content emphasis of annalistic text suggests that the author and the subsequent editors focused on the audience, which was under the influence of heretical teachings, close to views of the Bogomils and Paulicians. Anti-Hebrew allusions of the prophetic partition of the Speech are explained by contamination of the adherents of this heresy with zhidovins by Old Russian polemicists, which was probably caused by a specific range of images, motifs and ideas of the Hebrew apocryphal literature, perceived as heretics.


Key words: Ancient Russia, Speech of the Philosopher, Russian Primary Chronicle, catechesis, Bogomils, Paulicians, heresy.


Received September 1, 2016
Accepted for publication October 11, 2016


About the author:

Pokhilko Natalia Pavlovna (Yasnaya Polyana, Russia). Independent researcher.