MAIASP. 2020. No. 12

Yu.A. Prokopenko (Stavropol, Russia)

Finds of pre-Scythian bimetallic daggers in the vicinity of Stavropol and in the adjacent areas

DOI: 10.24411/2713-2021-2020-00003 

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Pages: 98110

The article is devoted to the description of four bimetallic daggers of the pre-Scythian time, discovered in the vicinity of Stavropol and in the adjacent regions. Two perfectly preserved daggers have an iron blade and a solid bronze (cruciform) handle with a mushroom-shaped pommel and a straight crosshair. The items date back to the 9th 8th centuries BCE. The third dagger was found on the Strizhament mountain (35 km south of Stavropol). The object is represented by a fragment of an iron blade and a bronze handle with a helical corrugation of the barrel, topped with a hemispherical head characteristic of the 8th century BCE. The fourth dagger was found in burial 193 of burial ground No. 1 of the Grushevsky settlement (south-western outskirts of Stavropol). On Mount Strizhament, a bronze oar-shaped scabbard was found. The paddle blades are pentagon-shaped. The object is similar to similar arrowheads from the monuments of the North Caucasus of the 9th 8th centuries BCE.

The discovery of a significant number of items 8th beginning of the 7th century BCE, including bimetallic daggers, in the vicinity of the city of Stavropol, according to the author, indicates the existence of a center for the production of weapons (and horse harness) on the territory of the Stavropol Upland at the indicated time.

Key words: Central Ciscaucasia, Stavropol Upland, Pre-Scythian Period, Cimmerians, Koban culture tribes, bimetal dagger, blade, hilt, metal working.

Received November 18, 2020

Accepted for publication December 02, 2020

About the author:

Prokopenko Yuriy Anatol'yevich (Stavropol, Russia). Dr. habil. (History), North-Caucasus Federal University