MAIASK. 2017. No. 9
A. A. Romensky (Kharkov, Ukraine).
Primary Rus’ without the Primary Chronicle:
New Round of Debate about the Early History
of Eastern Europe
(Book Review: Tolochko A. P. 2015.
Ocherki nachalnoj rusi.
Kiev; Saint Petersburg: “Laurus” Publ.)
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The new book of Aleksei Tolochko is devoted to
the problem of the formation of Rus as a kind of
special socium — the corporation of slave-traders
on the Dnieper
waterway. The history of Rus in Eastern
Europe is considered in the context of the source-study
questions about the early stages of the chronicle writing and the
circumstances of the creation of the first chronicle narrative — Tale of
Bygone Years. The author focuses attention on the unreliability of the
general scheme of history in the PVL, as well as the information of the
alternative source — “Memory and Eulogy” by Jacob the Monk. The structure of Rus’ society is investigated according to the treaties
as well as the treatises of Constantine Porphyrogenitus.
The formation of statehood established only in the era of Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich.
words: Primary Chronicle, Rus’, State-making, the
way “from Varangians to the Greeks”, Scandinavian
Received August 11, 2017
Accepted for publication September 12, 2017