MAIASP. 2020. No. 12

L.A. Sychenkova (Kazan, Russia)

Forgotten discoveries of the Eski-Kermen expeditions of 19301933 with the participation of F.I. Schmit

DOI: 10.24411/2713-2021-2020-00021 

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Pages: 662682

The article is devoted to little-known moments in the history of the study of the cave city Eski-Kermen in 19301933, or rather to the contribution of F.I. Schmit in his study. The figure of this scientist, the picture of expeditions with his participation, revealed through letters and memoirs, has not yet been the subject of research by historians of archeology. The recommendations proposed in F.I. Schmit's articles on the development of agriculture in the region have not lost their scientific and practical significance to this day. The archaeological discoveries of the expeditions of the 19301933 were not in demand, and the lost economic benefits for the development of the Crimea are not meaningful. Publications By F.I. Schmit's account of the Eski-Kermen expeditions suggest that he made a significant contribution to the beginning of the systematic study of the medieval Crimea. Expedition materials and forgotten publications by F. Schmit can become an important part of a generalizing study of the history of Eski-Kermen.

Key words: History of Eski-Kermen, F.I. Schmit, expeditions of the 19301933, history of the medieval Crimea, cave city, siege well, a culture of water use, Basilica.

Received August 30, 2020

Accepted for publication September 21, 2020

About the author:

Sychenkova Lidia Alekseevna (Kazan, Russia). Dr. habil. (History), Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

E-mail l.sichenkova@yandex.ru