MAIASK. 2018. No. 10
Apolon Tabuashvili (Tbilisi, Georgia)
The Issue of Georgian Captives in the Crimea
in the 18th century
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Dagestani mountaineers were
engaged in kidnapping people from eastern Georgia throughout the 16th — 18th сenturies. Part of the population
kidnapped by the Dagestani mountaineers was dispatched to Istanbul
by Turk merchants and part was transported to the North Caucasus, but
most often, to the Crimea. In the course of
time, the number of Georgian captives for slavery in the Crimea
reached several thousand. According to King of Kartl-Kakheti Erekle II, in the
70s of the 18th century, their number made 32 thousand. After the end of the Russo-Ottoman war of 1768—1774, Georgian captives gained
their freedom. At the end of 1771, Erekle II sent his envoys to Russia.
One of the purposes of this mission was to settle the question of Georgian
captives liberated in Crimea. Thanks to direct
involvement of King Erekle II and Georgian diplomats, a significant part of
Georgian captives managed to return to their homeland. Some of them stayed in Russia
that was in the interests of the Russian state. The data on the captives who
returned from Crimea to their homeland are reflected in Georgian historical documents.
Key words: Georgia,
Crimea, Russo-Turkish war, Captive, Erekle II.
Received December 11, 2018
Accepted for publication December 27, 2018
About the author:
Apolon Tabuashvili (Tbilisi, Georgia).
PhD in History, Associate Professor, Ivane