MAIASK. 2018. No. 10
O.V. Vus (Lvov, Ukraine)
DEATH OF DECII: DEFEAT OF THE ROMAN ARMY NEAR ABRITUS AS THE CULMINATION
OF THE SCYTHIAN WAR OF 250—251
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The article deals
with the Scythian War of 250—251, whose main event was the battle near
Abritus in Lower Moesia between the Army of Emperor Trajan Decius and the
united troops of the Goths and the Carpi.
During the intensive fighting, the Romans repeatedly tried to turn the course
of the war in their favour, and the battle which took place on the 1st of
July, 251 was the last and decisive such attempt. Having committed an
important tactical miscalculation during the battle, Decius lost it, and died
along with his son and co-regent Herennius Etruscus in the swamps south
of Abritus. The Roman army incurred huge losses and left without protection
the civilians of the Pre-Balkan region. The leaders of Germanic tribes, Ostrogoths
and Kniva (Hunuil) took out their troops, captives and stolen prey outside
the Danube basin without any obstacles.
The author states
that the Scythian War of 250—251 ended with a crushing military defeat of the
Romans, which provoked another political crisis in the Empire.
words: Trajan Decius, Ostrogoths, Kniva (Hunuil), Scythian War, battle of Abritus.
Received December 11, 2018
Accepted for publication December 26, 2018