MAIASP. 2020. No. 12

S.A. Yatsenko (Moscow, Russia)

SOME COMPOSITIONS WITH SCYTHIAN PERSONAGES ON GREEK-SCYTHIAN AND SCYTHIAN TOREUTIC WARES

Of THE 4th EARLY 3rd CC. BCE

DOI: 10.24411/2713-2021-2020-00008 

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Pages: 369402

The specific features of multi-figure scenes of the conflict between two groups of warriors on golden caps from the eastern outskirts of Scythia (Perederieva Mogila, Sengileevskoe-2, Kurdzhips) and on the gilded bronze details of the sarcophagus of 2002 y. from Anapa, the costume specificity of the personages of each of these two opposing groups are considered. These details were previously overlooked by colleagues. The attempts to connect such compositions with one of the few texts known to Greek authors seem unpromising. The subjects with the collective hunt and the sacred scenes that complemented it are analyzed for the stlengida plate for the headdress from Pesochin. The only deity on the Scythian weapons the man-rooster with his accompanying dragons from the Soboleva Mogila is originally associated with the art of ancient Margiana (Margush), then with Khorezm.

Key words: Scythians, epic scenes and deitis, images of the 4th early 3rd cc. BCE in the Eastern Scythia, cpecificity of compositions and costume, clashs of two groups of warriors, golden caps, details of sarcophaguses, headdresses and weapons.

Received December 11, 2020

Accepted for publication December 30, 2020

About the author:

Yatsenko Sergey Aleksandrovich (Moscow, Russia). Dr. habil. (History), Professor, Russian State University for the Humanities

E-mail: e-mail: sergey_yatsenko@mail.ru