MAIASP. 2022. No. 14

V.V. Stepkin (Pavlovsk, Russia), I.A. Smirnov (Voronezh, Russia)

Letters from D.M. Strukovs fund in the Russian State Historical Archive

and the dating of Via Dolorosa in Kalach caves, Voronezh Region

DOI: 10.53737/2713-2021.2022.85.17.011

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Pages: 263270

Kalach cult caves are dug out in a chalk butte in the town of Kalach, Voronezh Region. Their total length makes 892 m. The caves contain rooms of different use: temples, chapels, cells, corridors, and more. Central and northern sections of cave labyrinths are known to replicate the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem representing Christs way of the Cross. The letters found in D.M. Strukovs fund in the Russian State Historical Archive may enhance our insights into Kalach labyrinths dating. Concurrently, because of a contradictory character of the accounts under study, it is inconclusive exactly what the time of Kalach caves construction is.

Key words: Kalach caves, Voronezh guberniya, D.M. Strukov, Via Dolorosa, Stations of the Cross, Russian Orthodox Church, Shatrishche, monastery.

Received May 15, 2022

Accepted for publication June 29, 2022

About the authors:

Stepkin Vitaly Viktorovich (Pavlovsk, Russia). PhD (History), Municipal Budgetary General Education Institution Pavlovsk Secondary School with Enhanced Coverage of Certain Subjects

E-mail: archeolog@mail.ru

Smirnov Ivan Aleksandrovich (Voronezh, Russia). Voronezh Theological Seminary

E-mail: parfirov2014@yandex.ru