MAIASP. 2023. No. 15
Roman and early Byzantine bullae with busts of rulers on both sides as source of historical information
There are two hanging seals in our field of vision,
the generally accepted attribution of which has not yet been developed. Both
on the obverse and the reverse of the unepigraphic
seal of Roman origin, highly artistic, embossed and realistically executed
busts are imprinted depicting bearded emperors crowned with laurel wreaths;
the short-bearded one is most likely Caracalla, while the long-bearded one is
presumably Septimius Severus. The portraits on both
sides of the second seal seem to depict another pair of Roman sovereigns,
since they are represented wearing cuirasses and military cloaks and diadems.
To render the images, the official style of iconic representation was used,
which was popular in the
Key words: history, archaeology,
Received May 10, 2023.
Accepted for publication May 30, 2023.
About the author:
Choref Mikhail Mikhailovich (