MAIASP. 2023. No. 15
A.A. Krasnoperov (
Bridles of the Sarmatian types in the Pianyi Bor Culture
The subject of the publication is a group of horse
bits with the rod-shaped cheek-pieces equipped with a pair of rectangular
frames of fixing the headstall straps. The conventional dates of the
two-looped cheek-pieces seem to fit the interval from the first half of the 1st
century BCE up to the first half of the 2nd century CE. Bridle
finds from the Sarmatian area and the forest zone
are discussed. Accompanying finds are regularly repeated, but chronologically
not uniform. One chronological group is associated with a complex of ‘oriental
innovations’ in the Sarmatian culture, which
provides a fairly long interval of dates within the 2nd — 1st
centuries BCE, but not narrow dates thereof. Another chronological group is
associated with various buckles as well as Almgren-87 and Almgren-156
fibulae. Sarmatian bridle forms became widespread
on the periphery of the Sarmatian world, wherein
two areas of concentration of finds can be distinguished along the Sura and the
Key words: the Kama River, the Sura River, middle Sarmatian time, bridle, cheek-pieces, typology, chronology, the Andreevka—Piseraly site type, the Pianyi Bor Culture.
Received March 30, 2023.
Accepted for publication April 15, 2023.
About the author:
Krasnoperov Alexandr Anatolievich (