MAIASP. 2023. No. 15

Olga Rumyantseva (Moscow, Russia), Maria Chervyakovskaya (Ekaterinburg, Russia), Vasiliy Chervyakovskiy (Ekaterinburg, Russia)

Glass recycling practices in the Roman period: a case study of the Frontovoe cemetery in South-Western Crimea

DOI: 10.53737/9576.2023.68.88.009

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Pages: 398—417

Composition of 147 vessel glass samples from a cemetery of late 1st — late 4th / early 5th centuries, completely excavated on the outskirts of Sevastopol, has been studied with LA-ICP-MS technique. This data allows evaluating glass recycling practices in the workshops producing vessels for regional population. The data on vessel forms, their spread in the cemetery and the chemical composition of glass could yield the circumstantial evidence on the local glass working (most probably, in Chersonessos), time of its emergence and peculiarities.  Glass vessels become widespread here from the 2nd century, and serial types, made of the “mixed” Sb-Mn glass occur at the same period.  It could be related to the emergence of local glass working, based on the raw glass imported from Eastern Mediterranean, and the extensive glass recycling. Large-scale recycling is also typical for the late series of glass (and vessel types) especially widespread here (Foy-3.2, 3.2/2.1). Local glass working was therefore based on extensive use of cullet; this peculiarity is usually typical for the periphery of the Roman Empire, lacking the imported raw glass. Glass of the Egyptian origin form Frontovoe has much more pronounced evidence for recycling than of the Levantine one.

Key words: south-western Crimea, Roman period, glass, recycling, local glass working, LA-ICP-MS.

Received August 12, 2023.

Accepted for publication August 31, 2023.

About the authors:

Rumyantseva Olga (Moscow, Russia). PhD (History), Senior Researcher, Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Chervyakovskaya Maria (Ekaterinburg, Russia). PhD (Chemistry), Researcher, Institute of Geology and Geochemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences


Chervyakovskiy Vasiliy (Ekaterinburg, Russia). Institute of Geology and Geochemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences