MAIASP. 2021. No. 13

A.E. Negin (Nizhny Novgorod, Russia)

THE Emperors armour-bearer: TO THE INTERPRETATION OF THE FIGURE FROM RELIEF OF THE GREAT TRAJANIC FRIEZE

DOI: 10.53737/2713-2021.2021.73.99.020

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Pages: 679698

The paper gives an interpretation of a person, wearing in his hands Emperors helmet, on one of the surviving reliefs from the Great Trajanic frieze, which originally belonged to an unknown monument of the Trajan era, and later adorned the Arch of Constantine. This figure is wearing the same type of armour as the equites singulares (cavalrymen) surrounding the Emperor. However, despite this, it is more logical to see in this character not an ordinary bodyguard, and not even an Emperors groom, but his chamberlain cubicularius. Based on the available ancient sources, as well as with the involvement of iconographic material, the author concluded that the figure depicted behind the Emperor is a person with a high status. In some cases, these people had the title of keeper of the dagger (a pugione), which may indicate a function associated with the storage of the Emperors pugio, which allows cubicularius to be interpreted as an Emperors armour-bearer.

Key words: helmets, armour, emperor, armour-bearers, Roman Empire.

Received December 15, 2021

Accepted for publication December 30, 2021

About the author:

Negin Andrey Evgenevich (Nizhny Novgorod, Russia). Doctor of Historical Sciences, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod

E-mail: aenegin@mail.ru